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Who, When, and Why of the Content Production Process

by , Copywriter, Distil

Great content isn’t stumbled upon, it’s carefully designed for a specific goal. This design takes place during the content production process – a series of stages all geared towards producing content that performs. Just like a web project, there’s lots of moving parts.

This process is a workflow firmly rooted in project goals and audience needs. That said, the content production process isn’t set in stone. Every project and client is different so why should the process be one size fits all? Your content production process is just that, yours.

It helps to look at the content production process as an assembly line of sorts, with each piece making its way through the stages to publication. As organised as this process is, it needs to have some flexibility as content flits between stages and team members. Look at revision for example, a back and forward affair of sharing and improving.

All in all, it’s an inclusive exercise that requires creators, curators, CEOs and clients so all should be familiar with how it runs.

This post will guide you through the typical stages in the content production process, outlining each stage, contributors and what to expect.

A great content production process keep projects running smoothly and messages in-check, making it easy for your clients to deliver and maintain functional content.

The Assembly Line

No two content production processes are the same but here’s a typical assembly line. Although the scope or specialist might differ, each stage is hugely important to the delivery of great content.

1. Research.

Who?

The writer usually spearheads this stage but other collaborators can be tasked to delve in. Subject experts can be invaluable here too when it comes to pulling together fact and details. These ‘subject experts’ don’t take a typical form, they can be everyone from a CEO to the sales department. It’s all about calling on those in the know and pulling their insight and knowledge to create more informed content. You don’t have to be a professional writer to be part of producing this content so think facts first, skill second at this stage.

How long?

This differs per project but at least 2-4 hours makes a healthy dent in many projects.

What happens?

This is where the process kicks off. First things first, get briefed by the senior editor or content strategist on what each page’s communication goals are.

Once you get to grips with these, you can begin to gather the facts, quotes and materials you need to start writing.

Remember to review existing content, after all production is about more than creating from scratch.

Tips & tricks.

At this stage, it can be easy to get carried away and collect more info than you actually need. Put a cap on the time you’ll spend researching each page. Create a research schedule around each page’s communication goals to keep this stage focused.

2. Write.

Who?

Not surprisingly, the writer.

How long?

Depending on what content you already have and the amount of content needed, this can take between 2-4 hours per web page. Don’t put too strict a deadline on this stage, never underestimate the time it takes to produce quality content.

What happens?

Armed with the info you need to write, this stage is for actual content production. Content needs to be structured and developed so be sure to give writers adequate time to write. The to-do list for typical web page goes beyond body copy. Here’s an example rundown:

Remember not all content is text so take some time to put the other content wheels in motion. If you require images or video, call on your content team to make plans for its creation.

Tips & tricks.

Call on your content style guide at this stage. This is your bible when it comes to creating on-brand, audience-specific content. Haven’t got one yet? Start putting your guide together now, here’s a post on doing just that.

3. Review.

Who?

A senior editor and/or subject experts usually step in here. It’s useful to have someone other than the writer review as a little perspective works wonders.

How long?

Reviewing content is a vital stage in the production process so take all the time needed. Typically, two hours is enough time to conduct a thorough review.

What happens?

Quality content should tick several boxes so this stage is integral. Reviewing content can be a difficult stage in the process, requiring an eye for detail and constant connection with audience and communication goals. That’s why it can be easier to split review into a few steps and sections.

Tips & tricks.

Always define and outline the role and remit of the reviewers. Content can easily stall at the review stages as more often than not this stage isn’t well enough designed. Be clear about what is to be reviewed, who should review it, how notes are added and how these are communicated to the writer. Don’t forgot to put solid timelines and deadlines in place from day one. Without this the review stages can stint progress and drag on.

Bonus Material! Don’t let content production derail your projects. Download our short PDF
and start planning for each stage of the content production process.

Bonus PDF! The 8 stages of a typical content production process

4. Revise.

Who?

Another job for the writer.

How long?

It all depends on how the review stage went. Maybe you hit it first time but chances are some revisions will be required.

What happens?

When the review stage is completed, revisions can begin. Working with the feedback issued, the writer get to work updating the copy and submitting a new draft. Close collaboration between the editor and writer can make this stage swift and streamlined, avoiding the usual hiccups that poor reviewing can cause.

Tips & tricks.

There’s many ways to review and keep track of these notes and thoughts. Some editors like to have the writer present at review so feedback is delivered in real-time, others prefer to review and then send it the writer’s way for revision.

If you prefer the latter, make it easy for content strategists, subject experts, and editors to share and comment on information. Implement some of the terrific tech out there to make collaboration a breeze. The likes of Gather Content and Divvy are great for assigning tasks, creating a review calendar, and overseeing collected content.

There’s nothing wrong with questioning feedback and requesting in-depth reasoning behind changes. No one will take it personally, it’s all a matter of being thorough. Create a revision structure that sets clarification of the direction of the revisions against the initial communication goals. It works well for all involved in revisions and drafting.

5. Approve.

Who?

Another stage for subject experts and senior editors, approval is one of the final stops on the journey to good content.

How long?

Same as its review counterpart, the approval stage can last as long as it needs to.

What happens?

With revision checked off and changes made, the re-issued content is ran through the review mill once more.

Tips & tricks.

Many editors have an approval checklist before final sign-off.

If yes, the content is ready to be uploaded to the CMS.

6. Upload to CMS.

Who?

When it comes to uploading content, trust this stage to the CMS editor.

How long?

This should be a straightforward stage once you have the signed-off content and CMS in place.

What happens?

Pop the content into the CMS, adding links, images, files and meta data as you go. This is where the templates are populated with messages and meaning so be sure to keep your mind and eyes open to context. There’s still time to make changes and perfect your content.

Tips & tricks.

If this is the first time using a particular CMS or new site design, call on the design and UX team here. This will be the first time the content is placed within the site so seek out advice on how it works from an aesthetic and experience standpoint. These specialists can adjust and shape the content to perform as well as possible. Work together for the best results.

7. Web page review / Sign-off.

Who?

Subject experts and senior editors complete their responsibilities with a final review and official stamp of completion.

How long?

An hour should be sufficient time here. Most of the legwork has been completed by this stage so this won’t take too long.

What happens?

Quality assurance is everything when it comes to content. Don’t be tempted to skip this stage, there’s no such thing as too many reviews. This is your final chance to sync all your content and look at the bigger content picture.

Tips & tricks.

Content needs to perform, make sure yours does before you hit publish. Refer back to the initial brief during this stage. Why not consult the research schedule from step 1? Does your content align with the communication goals you outlined for your web pages?

8. Publish.

Who?

Another responsibility for your CMS editor.

How long?

Just the click of a button.

What happens?

And here’s the final step in the content production process. Each web page is published when the site is launched. By this stage, everyone on your team should be completely confident and happy with the content produced.

Tips & tricks.

Make sure you have a plan in place for maintaining the site content created. Your client will hopefully know the importance of caring for their content post-project. Don’t let the rush and launch madness distract you from securing this. Content has a lifecycle and needs to be nurtured, sustained and updated. Outline some maintenance questions now so you have time to source the right people and tools to stay on top of the job.

Onto the next content quest.

Congratulations, that’s your content production process all mapped out. Handy as an internal template, use these steps are your foundation for designing client/projects-specific guides.

Remember creating is only one step in the quest for quality content, maintenance and improvement follow.

This production process is all about putting content first, one of the greatest gifts you can share with your clients. Put them and your projects on the best possible path today.

About the Author

Copywriter, Distil

Nic is a freelance copywriter based in Glasgow; she believes that no matter what the medium, brief or platform, using the perfect words in the best possible way can create a story, a natural communication between people, their ideas and the rest of the world. You can learn more about Nic over on her [beautiful] website, and you can also follow her on Twitter.

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